Outsourcing mobile app development projects is an efficient budget optimization strategy in 2021. Because of the low cost, as a critical strategy, businesses outsource overseas to remain competitive and strengthen their market position.
According to the latest software outsourcing stat, the global outsourcing market was valued at $92.5 million in 2019. Statistics show that revenue in the application outsourcing segment is projected to reach US$108,748.6m in 2021.
Be it custom web development or in-trend mobile app development solutions, all you need is an outsourcing company to get your work done. How wonderful is this?
However, there are a few things you need to know before you can do outsourcing effectively. For beginners, you must know which is the best country to outsource mobile apps development to focus your search effectively.
Here in this article, I have mentioned the top app development countries to help you make an informed decision based on your preferences.
Here we go…
Reasons to Consider Outsourcing App Development Projects
Here I have mentioned some of the top reasons why you should look for outsourcing mobile app development projects:
- Outstanding exposure to well-educated and highly trained global talent
- Better risk management because of the ability to split app development tasks
- Low cost (companies save up to 30% for app development outsourcing)
- You can hire developers when needed instead of having it sit on your pay list for 12 months
Onshore, Nearshore, Or Offshore
The country or region selection of the company you are looking for can be divided into three categories: onshore, nearshore, and offshore. But what are the differences between them? Let’s find out.
Let’s say your company is located in the United States. If you also choose a US-based company, it will refer to onshore outsourcing.
If it is another nearby country, for example, Canada, it will be nearshore. And if it’s from another region of the world (such as Asia), it’s offshore outsourcing.
The IT industry is now becoming used to running remote projects, which results from technological development. Once it is technically easier to run remote projects, gravity shifts to the way businesses are run.
What Constitutes a Country Fit for Outsourcing?
The primary things you want to look for when determining the best country to outsource app development are:
- Low costs.
- A highly developed IT market.
- A high-quality educational infrastructure.
- Ability to communicate in the preferred language.
These factors create a vast pool of skilled technical staff for you to choose from. Some businesses may also want to consider other factors such as cultural differences.
The final factor when considering top countries to outsource mobile app projects is the time zone. Most companies find ways to collaborate with employees in different time zones.
But it is vital to consider how you will work with people in distinct time zones before starting with your search for top app development countries.
Once you know your company’s particular outsourcing needs, you’re ready to start looking for partners in the best countries to outsource software development.
Now, let’s understand these crucial factors on which the selection of country depends in detail:
Expertise and Skill Set
Another factor to consider is the level of expertise in your preferred outsourcing country. To get a piece of in-depth knowledge on this, be sure to first look at the number of IT graduates in the country each year.
In this case, it is crucial to dig deeper into the number of software developer graduates.
The higher the number of IT graduates, the more will be the chances of finding a reputed team with impeccable skill sets. This way, an entrepreneur can breathe easy knowing that they are more likely to find the expertise they need for a particular operation.
The cost of outsourcing dramatically affects a company’s outsourcing decisions. As much as it is in the culture of any organization to reduce expenses, business individuals should not always work with less skilled and cheap developers.
Firstly, consider the quality of services before signing any contractual agreement. However, it is vital to consider the pricing to avoid overpaying for the services.
Ask for quotations from various offshore app development companies to familiarize yourself with the price ranges.
This way, you can avoid paying exorbitant prices for low-quality services, allowing you to settle for a developer in that country who offers a fair price for the quality you want.
Despite having many outsourcing challenges, we live in an interconnected world where the language barrier should not be one of them.
Communication is essential in outsourcing mobile apps development projects. As such, you want to hire app developers from a nation that has a high proficiency in your preferred language.
Remember that you will be working closely with the offshore team. Given that the software development process consists of many dynamic parts, proper communication ensures that the project runs with minimum glitches.
In addition, developers must be concise in communicating development and project progress in real-time. They also need to sit in a virtual meeting with your in-house team.
For these reasons, it is essential to choose a country whose residents speak a language you understand.
Top 7 Countries to Outsource Mobile App Projects
Many businesses are outsourcing mobile app development in an attempt to optimize their costs. Besides being a cost-effective solution, outsourcing is considered one of the best ways to attract a large pool of skilled professionals for your app development project.
Here, I will compare the pros and cons of outsourcing to some of these countries based on the factors:
- Technical skills of the resources
- Command in the English language
- Software developers Rating
- Services costs
- Location and Time zone difference
Now, check out the list of the best countries to outsource app development:
China tops this list of top countries to outsource mobile app projects. It leads the world of outsourcing with its fastest-growing IT companies and produces 4.7 million tech graduates every year.
However, there are some potential drawbacks here. Firstly, only 10 million of China’s 1.3 billion residents speak English, which presents a major communication barrier for many international contractors.
Next thing is China is popularly known for its lax enforcement of intellectual property (IP) laws. Although, this can be overcome by hiring a renowned outsourcing company and establishing clear communication before starting working together.
Technical skills of experts: China launches the best software products based on Python, Shell, and projects related to Big Data. In primary & secondary education, the main focus is on mathematics and high technology.
English proficiency level (according to EF EPI): Intermediate, with a regional rating of 53.44. Although, only 10 million of China’s 1.3 billion people speak English
Rating (as per HackerRank): 100%
Services costs (according to PayScale and Glassdoor): $18-40 per hour
Time zone: GMT+8
According to data from HackerRank, Poland is home to the third most skilled developers across the globe. The developers from Poland ranked first in the Java assessment. And they were also listed in the top five for other prevailing languages such as Python, Shell, and Ruby.
Western employers will also be pleased to know that 30% of the Polish population speaks English as a second language, making communication easier.
Moreover, North American agencies need to make accommodations for time zones if they want to have live meetings. But there is enough overlap to permit for operational collaboration.
Tech skills of experts: PHP is the most widely acclaimed programming language. Equally common is the use of Python, Shell, Ruby, Java, and .NET Frameworks. IT education in Poland is in great demand and attracts aspirants from all over Europe.
Proficiency in English (according to EF EPI): It’s upper-intermediate and advanced, with a regional rating of 63,76. In Poland, English is the second language for 30% of its population.
Rating (as per HackerRank): 98%
Services cost (according to PayScale and Glassdoor): $25–50/hour
Time zone: GMT+2.
Ukraine has a strong focus on IT education which has nurtured a thriving tech industry there. According to HackerRank’s statistical analysis, programmers from Ukraine had an average score of 88.7% across all HackerRank challenges.
Moreover, Ukraine also has the most significant number of C++ programmers worldwide. In Ukraine, English is not a widespread language among the general population, but 80% of their IT community speaks English. Therefore, communication barriers are a minimal issue here.
Other advantages of outsourcing to Ukraine comprise a time zone that overlaps with US and UK times and a similar work culture that challenges and rewards competition.
Tech skills of experts: Ukraine’s IT companies and outsourcing teams focus on Big Data, AI, mobile development, blockchain technology, and cryptocurrency-related projects.
The country’s people acquire their technical skills mainly through specialized courses. Some companies also provide free training with the possibility of further employment.
English proficiency level (according to EF EPI): Basic, with a regional rating of 52,13
Rating (data from HackerRank): 88.7%
Services costs (as per PayScale & Glassdoor): $25–50/hour
Time zone: GMT+3
The very first name to appear in this rundown of the best country to outsource app development is India, and with good reason. India is the second-largest English-speaking country in the world, making it an ideal option for software outsourcing.
Despite the relatively low literacy level, the government pays attention to mathematical research and the development of technologies. The number of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) graduates is 2.6 million, which is quite vast.
According to research by the Gild, Indian developers outperformed their US counterparts by a complete 11% on math and reasoning assessments.
What makes India a prime location for software outsourcing is its low cost of developers. An average mobile app developer in India charges between $10 to $15 per hour, making them less expensive than software development agencies in the US that charge an average of $60 per hour.
Hence, you can outsource mobile app development in India to attain developers at a very reasonable cost.
Technical skills of experts: India is amongst the top countries for mobile app development initiatives, both native and hybrid. The companies are also involved in Microsoft and related technologies and open source projects.
It is relatively new to technologies like Machine Learning, AI, GIS, Blockchain but actively incorporating them.
English proficiency level (as per EF EPI): Intermediate, with a regional rating of 55,49
Rating (as per HackerRank): 76%
Services costs (according to PayScale and Glassdoor): $15–40/hour
Time zone: GMT+5:30
There are leading countries such as China, Ukraine, India, Poland, and all the other big names in IT outsourcing, and then there is Argentina which is just starting to make a name for itself. In fact, its current successes reflect its potential growth.
In order to enhance the user experience and establish themselves globally, app development companies in Argentina incorporate gen-next technologies into mobile and web apps.
Skilled developers from leading Argentina tech centers such as Cordoba, Buenos Aires, and Mendoza help businesses keep up with the fast-paced digital world. They do so by developing updated mobile and web apps that help keep business processes running smoothly.
According to Bloomberg, tech services in Argentina now comprise about 10% of all the country’s exports.
Tech skills of experts: The outsourcing agencies in Argentina have a vast background in app development, data migration to the cloud, and DevOps expertise.
Free education is available in the country in the field of computer technology. Besides, 70% of students already combine study with work
during their studies at universities.
English proficiency level (according to EF EPI): upper-intermediate, with a regional rating of 58,38
Rating (according to HackerRank): 72,1%
Services costs (data from PayScale & Glassdoor): $30–50/hour
Time zone: GMT-3
Romania gives its citizens access to tuition-free education, which has inspired one of the most diverse tech scenes in Europe. There are 40+ technical universities in Romania, which produce approximately 5,000 computer specialists and engineers every year.
Romanian programmers are ranked 20th in the world in all HackerRank programming tests. The country has invested heavily in its IT infrastructure over the past several years, allowing them to reach 18th place on the A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index.
And with most programmers earning at least three times more than the average Romanian, the sector has attracted a steady stream of new and talented individuals.
Besides, Romania also provides other significant benefits for employers in Western Europe and North America. The time zone provides significant overlap with Western Europe and even American time zones.
Romania is located at the crossroads of the time zones of Western Europe and the United States, which makes it easier for developers to interact.
Moreover, about 90% of the developer community in Romania speaks English, which is a good indicator for employers worldwide.
Technical skills of experts: The IT outsourcing market in Romania is much smaller than in Ukraine and Poland. However, there are 116,000 IT professionals in the country.
Command in English (according to EF EPI): Upper-intermediate and advanced, with a regional rating of 61,36.
Rating (as per to HackerRank): 81,9%
Services costs (according to PayScale and Glassdoor): $25–50/hour
Time zone: GMT+3
More than 92% of people in the Philippines speak English, making it one of the largest English-speaking countries in the world. The country also has a specialized STEM high school system and has executed severe educational reform over the years.
These factors, combined with the low global value of the Philippine peso, have combined to make the Philippines one of the best countries to outsource software development.
However, these reforms still haven’t closed the gap between developers in the Philippines and developers from other countries on this list. This means that it is one of the best countries to outsource mobile app development if you have a simple project. You may want to consider China or Ukraine for more complex tasks.
Technical skills of experts: Employers from the Philippines are known to work faster than specialists from other Asian countries. According to PISA (Philippine Software Industry Association), over 190,000 technical specialists work in the country. And this number is expected to touch the mark of 210,000 by 2022.
Proficiency in English (as per EF EPI): Advanced, with a regional rating of 60,14
Rating (according to HackerRank): 63,8%
Services costs (as per PayScale and Glassdoor): $18–40/hour
Time zone: GMT+8
Where to Find the Best Developers?
Currently, most software development outsourcing (nearly 80%) goes to Asia – India and China in particular. But Central and Eastern Europe are becoming an increasingly popular destination, as these countries have 200+ universities that graduate 60 thousand IT professionals every year.
The IT reputation of countries such as Ukraine, Poland, and Romania is proliferating, judging by the quality of services provided and the total cost of hiring software developers.
Now you know about the best countries for software outsourcing. On average, Asian countries have the highest level of app development expertise and offer a strong return on investment through their low costs.
But overall, the best place to outsource app development projects is to an agency that understands your brand and can be tailored to your specific business needs – no matter where they are located!
Descriptions and ratings are pretty subjective and may not give you a comprehensive picture. Therefore, you must choose the right software outsourcing companies that can execute your jobs efficiently.
They will help you in shortlisting the top countries to outsource mobile app projects so that you can choose the most suitable match for your needs.