Ever since the inception of Python, this language has gained popularity year after year. But, the question arises that for how long Python will remain the preferred coding language for the programmers. What are the pros and cons of Python programming language?
StackOverflow survey shows that Python has been named the second-most beloved and fastest-growing programming language of the developers after Rust. Being a multipurpose language, it’s a preferred choice for entrepreneurs looking for Machine learning and Data Science projects.
From the perspective of entering into the job market, students prefer Python to be easy to understand and code because many organizations use Python for many of their projects.
This article is a summary of some of the observations about the advantages and disadvantages of Python from the development community without injecting my own experiences. Popular discussion threads in Quora, Stack Overflow, and various blog posts are the references for this article.
Now, let’s have a look at some of the pros and cons of Python programming language from the business point of view:
Pros and Cons of Python Programming Language
|Beginner-friendly||Issues with design|
|Large Community||Slower than compiled languages|
|Flexible and Extensible||Security|
|Extensive Libraries||Work Environment|
|Embeddable||High memory consumption|
|Highly Scalable||Dynamically-typed language|
|IoT Opportunities||Complex multithreading|
|Portable||Garbage collection leads to potential memory losses|
Also Read: Node.js vs. Python: Which is better?
Pros of Python
Python is a great platform for newbies who want to step into the field of coding. This programming language is easy to learn, understand and code as it does not include too many technicalities.
Even the developers who are new to coding and do not pose experience in it find it beginner-friendly. It is a verbose language because reading python is very similar to reading English.
Getting deep into the technicalities, the language does not need curly braces to define the blocks. However, indentation is mandatory which further aids to the readability of code.
2. Large Community
The Python community has a large number of coders, developers, professionals, and students who come together on the same platform to help one another and bring the best out of it.
This feature makes Python one of the best platforms for developers as they can seek help from experienced and knowledgeable developers.
3. Flexible and Extensible
Python is extremely flexible and can be extended to other languages. Developers can write code in the language C and C++ and build new features as the dynamically-typed language.
4. Extensive Libraries
Python development comes with an extensive set of libraries and contains code for various purposes like documentation-generation, regular expressions, web-browsers, unit-testing, CGI, databases, image manipulation, etc. Hence, it eliminates the need to write the complete code manually.
Complimentary to extensibility, Python is embeddable as well. You can put your Python code in your source code of a different language, like C++. This lets us add scripting capabilities to our code in the other language.
6. Highly Scalable
There are many apps in the market that prove that Python can scale. Just take a look at Instagram and Pinterest. These are two of the most popular apps, receiving millions of user requests successfully thanks in part to the power of Python.
Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook are some of the most popular applications in everyday use that outshine the power of Python.
7. IOT Opportunities
Since Python forms the basis of new platforms like Raspberry Pi, it finds the future bright for the Internet Of Things.
Python is a way to connect the language with the real world. With Python and Raspberry Pi, the future is bright for IoT. Raspberry is a popular device used to integrate IoT technologies into real-world applications.
8. Machine Learning
Python is the ultimate and great choice when your business needs web projects to be integrated with Machine Learning algorithms. Web Projects that require Python use it because it provides rich libraries making it easier for the developers to work with data.
Python is portable which means that it can be run on any other platform. Here, you need to code only once and you can run it anywhere. This is called WORA (Write Once Run Anywhere). This makes it easier for the developers to work with Python as they do not need to make changes to it in case they want to run it on another platform.
Cons of Python
While Python is a versatile language and offers many benefits, it also comes with a set of advantages. Have a look at some of the drawbacks of Python.
1. Issues with Design
With Python, the developers will have to face some issues when working on complicated designs. So, here, the team needs to have some proficient and experienced developers in the first place.
2. Slower than Compiled Languages
It is slow in comparison to other non-compiled languages as it requires a lot of computational power. So, this is the thing that you need to look at before choosing Python.
Python is not 100 percent secure. So, in this case, you need to take the necessary steps to ensure the code’s security. However, if you perform the right QA testing, you do not need to worry about this.
4. Work Environment
Before working with Python, you need to set up a work environment for it. Many trouble can arise while setting up the environment which can affect the programming experience of beginners.
So, it would be a better option to go for Python IDEs and then set up the environment with the help of official guides.
An interesting read: How to Hire Programmers for Startups in 5 Easy Steps?
5. Python’s Memory Consumption and Garbage Collection
Python language comes with high memory usage and this high memory consumption needs to be tackled carefully during the project. It uses reference counting in its garbage collection that often leads to potential memory losses.
6. Python is Dynamically Typed
Developers working in Data Science and Machine Learning projects prefer statically-typed language over the dynamically typed language. The reason being that the statically typed language potentially minimizes a lot of errors and bugs in the system.
7. Multithreading in Python
Multithreading in Python is not exactly the true multithreading due to its global interpreter lock (GIL). The multithreading model in Python does not have threads that run at the same time. Here, one thread can hold the GIL at one time which clearly implies that this is not the exact multithreading.
Python developers need to use a different implementation of Python such as Jython, IronPython, PyPy, or C extension to achieve true multithreading.
Like, every other programming language, Python also comes with a mixed bag of advantages and disadvantages. It is impossible to declare any programming language as “one size fits all”.
However, if you look at the pros of python, it weighs heavier on the scale as compared to its drawbacks. It’s up to you how well you analyze your project requirements before choosing Python as the programming language.
If you wish to develop any application using Python, get in touch with the top python development company that will provide you with secure, scalable, and feature-packed mobile applications across multiple business verticals.
Also Read: PHP vs Python vs Ruby
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)
Question: What are the pros and cons of Python?
Answer: The pros of Python programming language include the following:
Flexible and Extensible
Cons of Python programming language:
Issues with design
Slower than compiled languages
Not 100 percent secure
Requires setting up a work environment
High memory usage
- Python is Dynamically Typed
Question: What are the disadvantages of Python?
Answer: Disadvantages in Python:
- It is a dynamically typed language.
- Python is not suitable for complicated designs.
- It is not as fast as other standard compiled languages.
- Fails to offer 100% security.
- Python suffers from a high memory consumption.
Question: Which is better, Python or Java?
Answer: The debate over which programming language is better (Java or Python) has raged since these languages first appeared. Today, however, most agree that there’s room for both languages.
Although Java is counted among the most popular programming languages today, it’s not without its fair share of flaws. As a scripting language designed to facilitate rapid application development (RAD), however, Java can be cumbersome to work with.
On the other hand, Python is a general-purpose programming language that developers can use to create anything from simple scripts to full-fledged applications. It’s also one of the most renowned programming languages in use today. But while Python has plenty going for it, it also has its fair share of flaws.
For example, although Python is an excellent language for beginners (thanks to its simplicity), it can be challenging to master as well.